St. Bernard of Clairvaux
RELIC IN CUSTODY
Founder (12th C.)
Abbot. 16th Doctor of the Church
FEAST DAY: August 20
PATRONAGE: Cistercians, beekeepers, candle makers, wax-melters
Born French nobility, at age 22, fearing the ways of the world, he, four of his brothers (one of them was St. Humbeline), and 25 friends joined the Abbey of Citeaux; his father and another brother joined soon after. He founded and led the monastery of Clairvaux which soon had over 700 monks and eventually 160 daughter houses. He revised and reformed the Cistercians. Bernard served as an advisor to, and admonisher of, King Louis the Fat and King Louis the Young. He attended the Second Lateran Council and fought Albigensianism. He helped end the schism of Anti-Pope Anacletus II, and organized the Second Crusade. A sought after preacher, he preached in France, Italy, and Germany. He was a friend and biographer of St. Malachy O’More, and a spiritual advisor to Pope Eugene III, who had originally been one of his monks.
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